"According to an evaluation of the effectiveness of mouth guards in reducing injuries, the overall injury risk was 1.6 to 1.9 times greater without a mouthguard, relative to the use of mouth guards during athletic activity." - American Dental Association
What is a sports mouthguard?
It is a multi-laminated, custom-fitted appliance to be worn during any sports activities with a potential for contact to the face with a ball, bat, stick, fist, or other player, etc.
How are sports mouth guards made?
An impression of the upper and lower teeth is made with a medium called alginate. A recording of the upper and lower jaws' most comfortable contact position is made with wax like wafers. Stone models are created from the impressions, the upper is used to mold the laminate materials over, and the lower makes a bite imprint on the appliance in the position recorded from the wax. There are five different ways to fabricate the appliance depending upon the sport or age of the athlete:
1 layer of EVA (lamination) material with added biting protection. Thickness is 3mm. Designed specifically for children under 11 years old with mixed dentition.
2 layers of EVA material with 3mm total thickness. Designed for wrestling, volleyball, mountain biking, and motorcross.
2 layers of EVA material with 5mm total thickness. Specially for soccer, rugby, basketball, softball, rollerblading, skating and skateboarding.
2 layers of EVA material with 3 power dispersion bands and 5mm thickness. Designed for baseball, football, racquetball, martial arts and boxing.
3 layers EVA material with one hardened layer and 5mm thickness. A custom fit for ice, field or street hockey, kickboxing, and other heavy contact sports that involve blows from pointed objects.
Why should I wear one?
According to the American Dental Association, more than 200,000 oral injuries are prevented annually in the country by sports mouth guards. While this is an impressive preventative figure, it is unfortunately estimated by the National Youth Sports Foundation that more than 5 million teeth will be knocked out in sporting activities this year. These oral traumas will happen to children, high school and college level athletes. In fact, dental injuries are the most common type of orofacial injury sustained during participation in sports.
The benefits of sports mouthguard protection has been well documented. In 1995, Dr. Raymond Flander's study on the high incidence of oral injuries showed that in football, where mouth guards are mandatory, only .07% of all injuries involved teeth and the oral cavity. Conversely, in basketball where mouth guards are not worn, 34% of all injuries to players involved teeth and/or the oral cavity.
ADA Insurance Code
Single Unit: D9941